Chapter 11

This chapter is the continuation of the parentheses that we found in Revelation chapter 10 and it will last through verse 14 of this chapter.

In Revelation chapter 11 we find the following: The order to measure the temple of God; an account of the two witnesses, their prophesying, power, slaying, resurrection, and ascension to Heaven; what followed upon these events; and the sounding of the seventh trumpet and the effects of that.

A measuring rod is given to John with an order to rise and measure the temple, altar and worshippers. John is told to leave out the outer court which was to be given to the Gentiles and John is told they will tread the holy city under foot forty and two months.

Some of the questions we will look at are:

1. Who are the two witnesses and when do they come on the scene?

2. Why not measure the court of the Gentiles?

3. Who are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands?

This chapter closes the parentheses and leads us to the start of the seventh trumpet and the final judgments.

Revelation 11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

John is given a ‘reed like a measuring’ rod (15 to 20 feet) by the angel so that he can measure the temple of God, the altar and the worshipers that are there.

Do you think that John is given the measuring stick so that God can find out what the size of the building is and how many people are there? If that was the case then God would not be omniscient, God knows the size and the quantity of people that are there.

Verse two tells us that John should not measure the court which is outside because it has been given to the Gentiles. The angel tells John that the Gentiles will tread the holy city under foot for forty two months. Forty two months is …, drum roll please, …. three and one half years.

Revelation 11:2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Now this is very interesting because verse three tells us that the two witnesses will prophesy 1,260 days which is 42 months.

Revelation 11:3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

Now the question is this, is this time period the same in both cases?

The answer is, no it is not the same period of time. They are both three and one half years but verse one is depicting the first half and verse two is depicting the second half of the tribulation.

Now John is given the measuring reed to measure the Shrine, the temple, of the Supreme God and the place of the sacrifice, the altar.

Why do you suppose that God wants John to measure this temple, the altar and the worshipers?

First let us look at the Old Testament Book of Daniel.

Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

Daniel 12:11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.

Now I cannot leave you with this little apparent problem that was just created with these verses. In case you didn’t notice the days are not the same as Revelation 11:3. In Daniel 12:11 we have 1290 and in Revelation 11:3 we had 1260. So why 1290 which is 43 months and not 1260 which is 42 months?

Dr. Charles Ryrie Th.D., Ph.D. explains it this way. (This is my paraphrase.) There must be a short period of time for the judgments that will happen at the close of the tribulation period after Christ has returned.

When will the antichrist set up his reign in the temple during the tribulation? Answer, at the mid point which is three and one half years after the start of the tribulation.

I see here that God is setting a boundary around the temple and the altar and the people worshiping there so as to protect them through the tribulation period, at least the first half.

At this point in time Israel is the government in Jerusalem but the old city is divided into four sectors. The Christians have a quarter, the Muslims have a quarter, the Armenians have a quarter and last but not at all least, the Jews have a quarter. Israel gave the control over the Temple Mount to the Muslims. (Which in my view was a huge mistake!)

The Jews were supposed to be allowed to go up on the flat area of the Temple Mount to pray, but because of the threats from the Muslim people they have not been allowed to pray there recently.

Now let us look at the two witnesses.

Revelation 11:3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth

What do we know so far by looking at verse three?

1. We know that there will be two witnesses.

2. We know that they will prophesy for three and one half years and they will be clothed in sackcloth, meaning that they will preach a message of repentance, and that they are given power.

What we do not yet know is when these witnesses arrive on the scene, and we do not yet know who they are. This is good for starters but it compels us to read on for a little more information so that we can make a judgment as to their identification.

Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

One verse at a time will help us to stay on track and not get carried away with wild speculation. First we should discover who verse 4 is referring to.

Who are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks? You may think you know but hold off making a final decision.

For the answer to this question we must travel back a little further is time and look at the book of Zechariah in the Old Testament.

Zechariah 4:11 Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof?

Zechariah 4:12 And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?

Zechariah 4:13 And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

Zechariah 4:14 Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

Now in Revelation 11:3 the way the Greek text is organized it actually reads ‘and I will give to the two witnesses of mine’ which assumes that we have seen them before.

Now we look at Zechariah and we see two olive trees and ‘one’ candlestick, and we see that the angel is talking to Zechariah explaining the two olive trees and the candlestick. The olive trees are flowing the oil into the candlestick by the means of pipes.

Then we go to the Old Testament Book of Haggai 2:1-9 and put this passage together with Zechariah and we see that these two olive trees must be Zerubbabel and Joshua and the lamp stand is the nation Israel.

Haggai 2:1 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying,

Haggai 2:2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,

Haggai 2:3 Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?

Haggai 2:4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts:

Haggai 2:5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.

Haggai 2:6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

Haggai 2:8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

Haggai 2:9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

These two men are in fact the ‘historical’ witnesses of God, but there is just a little problem with connecting them with Revelation 11:4, because in Zechariah there is one lamp stand and in Revelation there are two lamp stands, therefore they cannot be the same two witnesses.

Another side note, the rebuilding of the temple and the wall makes excellent reading and I would suggest that you take the time to read the Old Testament Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah and Haggai.

Now back to Revelation 11.

We read in Revelation verses 5 and 6 these words:

Revelation 11:5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

We get our first clue to the identities of the two witnesses from these verses.

First, we see that they are able to breathe fire from their mouths and destroy anyone trying to harm them.

Second, we see that they have power to stop the rain.

Third, they have power to turn water into blood.

Fourth, they have power to bring all types of plagues upon the earth.

What Old Testament prophet was able to call fire down from heaven, and what Old Testament prophet was able to shut up the heavens so that it did not rain for three years and six months?

Who was taken up in a chariot of fire and never saw death? We find the answer of this in the Old Testament Book of 2Kings.

2Kings 2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.

Who was one of the two men that appeared on the mount of transfiguration with Christ?

Matthew 17:3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.

Answer, it can only be Elijah. We can reference these occurrences to James 5:17 for the rain and 2Kings 1:10 for the fire.

James 5:17 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.

2Kings 1:10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I be a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.

Now you should read the rest of this account in 2Kings chapter 1 because it is fascinating and shows the power of God.

Now you may be asking, is there any other time that this sort of thing happened? The answer would be, glad you asked, and yes, look again at the Old Testament Book of 1Kings.

1Kings 18:36 And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy word

1Kings 18:37 Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may know that thou art the LORD God, and that thou hast turned their heart back again.

1Kings 18:38 Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.

Now I am relatively sure that one of the witnesses is Elijah the Tishbite so what about the other one.

The next question that would naturally follow is, have we ever witnessed water being turned into blood?

The answer is yes we have in the Old Testament Book of Exodus.

Exodus 7:17 Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.

Exodus 7:18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river.

Exodus 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.

Exodus 7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.

So now I am thinking that the second witness could be Moses. Is there any other proof that this could be Moses? Well how about the plagues mentioned in Revelation 11:6 and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

We find the record of the plagues in the book of Exodus chapter 7 through chapter 12.

The first thing that we see happening is the rod of Aaron turning into a serpent and devouring the serpents of the magicians.

Exodus 7:10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.

Exodus 7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

Exodus 7:12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods.

Next we see Moses turning water into blood.

Exodus 7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.

Exodus 7:21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

The second plague we find in Exodus chapter 8 and that was the frogs that invaded everything, and then it was lice, flies and the disease of the livestock. This was followed by boils and hail, then locusts and darkness. The last plague was the death of the first born of Egypt.

Who did God use to witness to Pharaoh? It was Moses. Now I am fairly sure that the two witnesses will be Moses and Elijah. They are the two prophetic witnesses in Revelation and Joshua and Zerubbabel are the two historical witnesses. Add to this the fact that Moses was the other person on the mount of transfiguration and I become quite set in this view.

Are there any other views? Yes there are others and I will now give a short account of them.

First there is the ‘symbolic interpretation’ with two views. The explanation of these views comes from Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost in his book “Things to Come” pages 304-313. I would suggest reading this material for a complete explanation of all of the views and the problem Dr. Pentecost exposes with the spiritualizing method of interpreting Scripture.

1. This view states that the witnesses represent the Church which they see raptured in Revelation 11:12. This will be the position of the mid tribulation rapturist.

2. The witnesses represent the entire remnant of the tribulation period. The two witnesses would symbolically represent the 144,000 witnesses.

Both views cannot be held by a literalist. We would make a huge mistake by interpreting this portion of scripture symbolically when there is no symbolic language here.

Now I have just a few more words on the two witnesses. We can disagree about who the witnesses are, but we should never disagree that there are in fact ‘two witnesses’. They are real people, they will witness for three and one half years, they will be killed and resurrected and they ascend to heaven. This is what the Bible plainly teaches. They are not the Church, they are not the remnant, and this is not the rapture of the Church.

Now back to Revelation 11:5-6

Revelation 11:5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

Revelation 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

We see that these two are protected with power that can destroy anyone who opposes them. They have the power to cause the unbelieving world to take notice of what they are preaching, and if you remember, they are preaching repentance.

We will now see the killing of the two witnesses by the beast out of the bottomless pit.

Revelation 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

Notice with me that the passage says when they shall have finished their testimony. What I see here is that the two witnesses are not allowed to be hurt until their witnessing is complete.

Dr. David Jeremiah put it this way. “The man of God in the will of God is immortal until God is finished with him.”

I see this with the two witnesses. They cannot be touched until the task that God has given them is complete. When the job is finished then will they perform one more task. That task is to witness to an unbelieving world how a Christian can be killed, but will not stay dead because God will raise him up again. They will be raised again after three and one half days and then ascend to heaven.

Who is the beast? Dr. Charles Ryrie tells us that this is the Antichrist, also called the man of sin in 2Thessalonians 2:3.

2Thessalonians 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;

The following verses also speak of the ‘man of sin’.

Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

Revelation 13:1 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

Revelation 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,

Revelation 14:11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

Revelation 15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

Revelation 16:2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.

Revelation 17:3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.

Revelation 17:13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

We see the beast now is given the authority to kill the two witnesses.

Revelation 11:8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

This verse distinguishes between the great city which was Babylon and the great city which is Jerusalem by using the words where also our Lord was crucified.

Notice the phrase spiritually called Sodom and Egypt. This is rather interesting. What was Sodom noted for? Remember the account of Lot and his family in the Old Testament Book of Genesis chapter 19?

Answer, sexual perversion!

What about Egypt? They were the ones that persecuted God’s people!

So we see that the great city Jerusalem has become an immoral city with all manner of perversions, not unlike Sodom, and that anyone professing Christ will be persecuted, or killed.

Verse 9 shows us that the witnesses are not even given a proper burial that their bodies are left in the street to be scorned and spit upon and laughed at.

Revelation 11:9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

The non believers are so happy that the two people that were making their life miserable are dead that they throw a party. I look at this sort of like a pagan ‘X’mas party or a feast. They believe that the two Jesus freaks are dead and that they defeated the messengers of God. Sinful people do not want to hear someone calling out their sin and telling them to repent. They didn’t want to hear that judgment was coming. Sinful people hated Christ and killed Him and they will hate us also because we belong to Christ.

Revelation 11:11 And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

Revelation 11:12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

I believe that this event will surprise everyone! The people thought that the two witnesses had been eliminated but here they are getting up, and there follows a great voice from Heaven instructing the two witnesses to ascend up to Heaven. Then everyone gets to watch the two witnesses’ ascension with the cloud.

Do you think that some may be rethinking their position? Wondering if they were right in what they believed, or, just possibly, that the two witnesses may have been right about the things that they preached, repent and believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, flee the wrath of God.

I think so, but the beautiful thing is that a sinner can turn to Christ anytime of the day or night whether it is now or during the tribulation period. We can confess our sin and be reconciled to God.

Revelation 11:13 And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Revelation 11:14 The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

Now this is a very interesting passage as it seems to say that after the earthquake in which the seven thousand men are slain the remnant got scared and gave glory to the God of Heaven. The remnant are those who were not killed by the earthquake.

We will take a little at a time and try to sort this out.

We see a great earthquake and a tenth part of the city falling. This passage suggests that during the earthquake the seven thousand ‘men of renown’ as Dr. David Jeremiah states are killed. These could be men of ‘name’ meaning authority or high position within the city. This could be the case, but we do at least know for a certainty that seven thousand men are killed during or shortly after the earthquake.

There are two views on the remnant giving glory to the God of Heaven.

The first is that the remnant repents of their sin and receives salvation which I must admit could very well be as that seems to be the context of the passage.

The second view is that the remnant only gives God the glory for a short period of time, and then they go back to their wicked ways and idol worship. Dr David Jeremiah holds this view also.

Now notice the last verse, the second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly. The third woe is what? The sounding of the seventh trumpet and the seven bowls of God’s wrath.

Revelation 11:15-19 usher in the seventh trumpet judgments, but they do not actually happen until Revelation 15:1 through Revelation 16:21. What we have next in Revelation chapter 12 is a re-stating of the conflict between God and Satan. The nature of evil will be exposed and Satan will be seen in all of his wickedness.

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

The seventh angel sounds, which is the introduction of the third ‘woe’. The seventh trumpet is the start of the seven vial judgments, or bowls of wrath. But, we will see that the bowls of wrath are not poured out until the start of Revelation chapter 15, when we see the seven angels with the last seven plagues.

I would like to camp here for just a little while and talk about the kingdoms of this world and ask you these questions.

Who is in charge of the world right now in 2006? Who is the United States of America ruled by? Who rules Russia? Who rules England, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel?

If you say that God is in charge then we would ask, why is the world in such a mess because God in a God of order not confusion.

The countries are all ruled by kings, presidents, monarchs, queens, prime ministers and the like, not God.

Look at the following passages.

Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;

Matthew 4:9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.

Luke 4:5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

Luke 4:6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.

What I am trying to get across to you is that this world has many kingdoms and that they are all ruled by humans.

Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

The previous verse enlightens us to the fact that Satan was not rebuked for offering the kingdoms of the world to Christ. He was rebuked for wanting Christ to worship him.

God created all things through Christ and this fact in not disputed.

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

Mankind in general has rejected the God of creation for thousands of years and Satan has taken over with the same lie that he used in the Garden of Eden; thou shalt not surely die and ye shalt be as gods

Genesis 3:4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

Genesis 3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

God has permitted mankind, influenced by Satan to rule his own kingdoms and man has made a mess of the whole thing. Adam rejected God’s way by taking of the fruit from Eve and Israel rejected God’s way (Jesus Christ the Messiah) by rejecting Him.

Satan has rule over the fallen angels and lost humanity. His rule is over this world or in the Greek ‘Kosmos’, or of this age in the Greek ‘Aion’. His rule is over the dark spiritual system that mankind blindly participates in. He does not have rule over the Earth which in the Greek is ‘Ge’, since the Earth has always belonged to God.

Exodus 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:

Deuteronomy 10:14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD’S thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is.

Psalm 24:1 A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD’S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

1Corinthians 10:26 For the earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof.

Our world is made up of about 90 % unbelievers (my calculations) and they are trying to get God out of every aspect of life. It was well put by Billy Graham’s wife, and this is a paraphrase of what she said. “God being the gentlemen that He is, has left the unbelieving world to its own devices!”

In verse 15 of chapter 11 we see that God is taking the kingdoms back. The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ, and to this I say Amen.

This kingdom was prophesied or predicted in the Old Testament book of Daniel chapter 2. Look at the four kingdoms that are prophesied about at the end of this chapter.

We see the Babylonian kingdom in Daniel 2:37-38 as the head of gold mentioned previously in Daniel.

Daniel 2:32 This image’s head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

Daniel 2:33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.

Daniel 2:37 Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

Daniel 2:38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold.

Next we see the kingdom of the Medes and the Persians.

Daniel 2:32 his breast and his arms of silver equals the Medes and the Persians under the control of Cyrus whose father was a Persian and his mother a Mede. The silver signifies that it was an inferior kingdom to that of Babylon.

Next we had his belly and his thighs of brass in Daniel 2:32.

The brass is lesser metal still, and this points to the Macedonian or Grecian monarchy. It was set up by Alexander The Great which is signified by the belly, for intemperance and luxury.

The two thighs denote his principal successors, the Selucidae and Lagidae, which are the Syrian and Egyptian kings.

And finally Daniel 2:33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.

This looks a little strange but we can see the fourth kingdom here. Legs of iron would depict strength, much stronger than silver or gold but worth less than the silver or gold. This would be the Roman Empire, which by the way, was divided or governed by two councils. There was the eastern and the western empire which would go along with the two legs of iron.

The feet part of iron and part of clay are quite interesting as iron and clay do not mix. This should be looked at along with the ten toes of the feet and in doing so we find our answer as to the meaning.

If the ten toes represent ten kingdoms that the western empire was divided into then we can see that some were strong and some were weak or iron and clay.

Jerome who lived about the time of the fulfilling of this prophesy made the following statement about this passage. “The fourth kingdom, which clearly belongs to the Romans, is the iron that breaks and subdues all things; but his feet and toes are partly iron, and partly clay, which is most manifestly verified at this time; for as in the beginning nothing was stronger and harder than the Roman empire, so in the end of things nothing weaker; when both in civil wars, and against divers nations, we stand in need of the help of other barbarous people.”

Now I believe that we can also see that although the Roman empire fell, it did not completely disappear. It will be seen again as the great harlot in the book of Revelation.

Revelation 11:16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,

Revelation 11:17 Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.

These are the same twenty four elders that we saw previously in Revelation chapter 4 who represent the Church of Jesus Christ that was raptured somewhere between the end Revelation chapter 3 and the start of Revelation chapter 4. Their posture is to fall down and worship the God of creation. We see that they acknowledge that Jesus Christ is the Almighty God by the words which art and wast and art to come which tells me this is Jesus Christ.

Jesus Christ has reigned in the hearts and minds of His Church for thousands of years, He is all powerful and in just a few more chapters we will see that awesome power displayed during the seven bowl or vial judgments. Christ is going to return in great power with the saints and will vanquish all the foes and armies of the world.

The following verse will not happen all at once. Let us look closely at this.

Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

This verse begins And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come. This will happen first and God’s wrath will be poured out on an unbelieving world. Why? Because God hates sin and will now judge those that partake of the sin of the world.

I believe that this is the answer to the prayer of the souls under the altar.

Revelation 6:9 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:

Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

I believe that God always answers prayers and He is bringing the judgment in answer to the prayers of the saints that were slain for their testimony of Christ.

The and the time of the dead, that they should be judged will occur at The White Throne Judgment when all that have denied the person of Jesus Christ will be judged and condemned to everlasting torment in the lake of fire.

Now you might ask, what about the that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great? Well, I am glad you asked, you did ask didn’t you? There are several views as to what this means, but to sum them all up in one paraphrase would be:

There seems to be a time at the end of the tribulation period that the prophets and the Old Testament saints (possibly the tribulation saints also) are resurrected.

There is much discussion on this topic and on these verses and for an in depth study you could read the book by Dr. John F. Walvoord titled “The Final Drama” chapter 13 called “The Resurrections and The Final Judgment” pages 156-166.

This would also go along with the preceding thought of the additional days mentioned in Daniel 12:11 where we have 30 extra days purported to be at the end of the tribulation period which would give time for judgment and the resurrections spoken of by Dr. Walvoord.

Now if you are not totally confused it is not my fault because I tried.

Lastly we have verse 19 which reads as follows:

Revelation 11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

This is not the temple in the city New Jerusalem which comes down from heaven. Because, that city will not have a temple as Christ will be the light of the city.

Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

This is not the temple that will be built during the tribulation period because the scripture states that this temple is in Heaven. The scene that is displayed before us is the magnificence of the heavenly temple where the Ark of the Testament (Covenant) is kept. Indiana Jones will not find it here on earth. We are shown the brilliance of the temple, the glory that is there and it is revealed with all of the mighty noise and thunderings and voices.

The word temple in the Greek is actually the word shrine. This would then be likened to the Holy place where God dwells, think of it as the Holy of Holies, the very presence of God. This is what was pictured by the presence of the Ark of the Covenant located in the tabernacle during the wilderness wanderings and the Holy of Holies of Solomon’s temple. Look at the following scripture to get a further understanding and a picture of the event.

Hebrews 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.

Hebrews 9:3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;

Hebrews 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

Hebrews 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

Hebrews 9:6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.

Hebrews 9:7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:

Hebrews 9:8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

Hebrews 9:9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

This is the start of what I would like you to consider.

Hebrews 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

Hebrews 9:16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

Hebrews 9:17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.

Hebrews 9:18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

Hebrews 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

Hebrews 9:21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Hebrews 9:23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Here is the crux of the matter, Jesus Christ is in the Holy shrine (temple) of Heaven which was not made with hands but is the dwelling place of God, the Holy of Holies in Heaven. He is there for us, you and your family, all of us that will call on His name.

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

Hebrews 9:25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;

Hebrews 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

After this there is nothing but judgment. There are seven bowls of the wrath of God to be poured out, and it is our task to prevent people from attending this next session of the tribulation, as well as the first.

We do this by sharing with them the gospel of Christ, telling them that Christ loved them so much that He gave His life for them and if they will believe on the Lord Jesus Christ they will be saved and rescued from the sure wrath to come.

Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.

May God richly bless you as you study His Word. Amen.