Abrahamic Covenant

In part one we will look at the definition of a covenant and the different types of covenants found in the Bible. In part two we will discuss the unconditional covenants made by God. In part three the conditional covenant God made with Israel in the Old Testament. And, as we move into the New Testament the covenant God made through the Lord Jesus Christ during this time of His Extreme Grace.

Definition of a Covenant

A covenant is an agreement or contract between two parties. In the Bible there are two types of covenants. They are called unconditional and conditional. The first is unconditional and was instituted by God with man. The ultimate fulfillment of the unconditional covenants that God made with man does not rely on man but on the faithfulness of God to keep His Word. Scripture tells us that God will do just what He says.

Hebrews 6:13 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,

Hebrews 6:14 Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.

Hebrews 6:15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.

Hebrews 6:16 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

1Samuel 15:29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent.

All covenants in the Bible, unconditional and conditional, between God and man were initiated by God, not man. We can see in Scripture that no man has sought after God. Instead, God has sought after man. Scripture is clear that God in His lovingkindness has looked for His lost sheep.

Romans 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

Romans 3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.

Romans 3:12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

We can also see from the following verse that we did not choose God, He chose us!

2Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:

The Hebrew words from the Old Testament used for covenant are listed below along with their definitions in The Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance.

H1285

beriyth ber-eeth’

From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh): – confederacy, [con-]feder[-ate], covenant, league.

H1262

barah baw-raw’

A primitive root; to select; also (as denominative from H1250) to feed; also (as equivalent to H1305) to render clear (Ecc_3:18): – choose, (cause to) eat, manifest, (give) meat.

Part Two The Unconditional Covenants

In the Old Testament book of Genesis we find the first usage of the word covenant. We can see that this first covenant was a compact or league between two parties, God and Noah. We can also see that God initiated the covenant and took sole responsibility to fulfill that covenant.

Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

Genesis 6:14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

Genesis 6:15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

Genesis 6:16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.

Genesis 6:18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons’ wives with thee.

Noah had no part in initiating the covenant and was not responsible or capable of fulfilling the covenant. But, Noah did need to build the ark believing that God was going to destroy the flesh of the earth with a flood. Noah enjoyed the blessing of the covenant by entering the ark when God told him to. Noah could not keep the entire world safe from another flood, but God Almighty can.

Genesis 9:9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;

Genesis 9:10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.

Genesis 9:11 And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.

Genesis 9:12 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:

Genesis 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

Genesis 9:14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:

Genesis 9:15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.

Genesis 9:16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.

Genesis 9:17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.

God put the ‘bow’ in the sky as a sign of the covenant made with Noah. This ‘bow’ was a reminder to Noah and his descendents that God would not destroy again all flesh by a flood. God did not need a reminder of this covenant, but Noah and his descendents did. I can imagine every time the rains came after the flood they needed that bow to remember what God had promised!

Abrahamic Covenant

Now we will look at the covenant God made with Abram and his seed. This covenant is also called an unconditional covenant. This covenant was made with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and King David, as well as the New Covenant made with the nation Israel itself.

We mentioned before that we will look at the New Testament and the covenant God made with all who will believe Him. God the Father sent God the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to offer Himself as the way to salvation from sins and eternal life with God. The believers, Jews and Gentiles alike, under this covenant are called the Church and the body of Christ.

Now we will turn to the Old Testament book of Genesis to see the covenant made with Abram later called by God Abraham. Terah, Abram’s father, had started to journey toward the land of Canaan before the first recorded conversation between God and Abram. They were in Haran which is north and east of the land of Canaan.

Genesis 11:27 Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.

Genesis 11:28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.

Genesis 11:29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.

Genesis 11:30 But Sarai was barren; she had no child.

Genesis 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.

Genesis 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

In Genesis chapter 12 we have the first recorded conversation between God and Abram. We will see the first thing Abram did was to believe what God told him! Abram does not have the Scriptures or the indwelling Holy Spirit like we do to be assured of God’s faithfulness. Abram had to totally trust the One who is speaking to him and he did.

As a subsequent action to that belief and faith Abram began to put feet, so to speak, to that belief! Abram trusted God to keep His word. He started walking in the direction God gave. When Abraham started to walk in belief and trust he entered into the blessings of God’s covenant with him.

We will also see from Scripture that God declared Abraham righteous because he believed God.

Romans 4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?

Romans 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

We can look at it like this. You are in abject poverty with no hope. Someone tells you they have Good News, they just deposited one million dollars in a checking account for you as a free gift. They give you the checkbook. All you have to do is begin to draw on that deposited money.

Now, in belief, you can have access to the million dollars and know that your financial future is secure. Or, in unbelief you can refuse to write a check. By not writing that first check and refusing to believe the money is there, you will remain in the same state of abject poverty and hopelessness as you were.

We are all in abject poverty spiritually! When the Holy Spirit comes to us and convicts us of our sin we need to do something about it! We can not do away with our sin, it is far deeper and uglier than we can know. When the Good News (Gospel) is presented to us we need to accept the only act that satisfies a Holy God and cleanses our sin. That act was done by the Lord Jesus Christ and it is His shed blood that cleanses us. If we just agree that we are sinners and do not take that first step of believing, trusting, and asking the Lord Jesus Christ to cleanse us and be our savior, we remain in our sin and hopelessness.

On to Abraham’s encounter with God Almighty!

Genesis 12:1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

Genesis 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Genesis 12:4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

Genesis 12:5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.

Genesis 12:6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

Here we see the introduction of the covenant the LORD makes with Abram. There is no mention of anything Abram must do for the LORD to make and keep HIS promise to give the land to Abram�s seed.

Genesis 12:7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

A point to remember is Abram then left the land of Canaan because of a famine, and told a half truth to Abimelech about his wife Sarai. Abram was afraid he would be killed in Egypt when they saw the beauty of Sarai.

Genesis 12:10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

Genesis 12:11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:

Genesis 12:12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.

Genesis 12:13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

Genesis 12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

Genesis 12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house.

Genesis 12:17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram’s wife.

Genesis 12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

Genesis 12:19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.

Genesis 12:20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

We can see that Abram was disobedient during this time. God continued to reaffirm His unconditional covenant in spite of Abram’s disobedience. Why? God had told Abram what He was going to do and the fulfillment of the covenant did not depend on the worthiness of Abram but on the absolute worthiness of God.

Abram is once again visited by the LORD after Abram’s nephew Lot has separated from him. Abram now gets a further revelation of the land God will give to him and his seed after him.

Genesis 13:14 And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward:

What is so interesting to me is apparently when this separation from Lot took place because the land could not support all of their animals the Lord then reaffirmed His covenant with Abram. Remember in verse 1 the Lord said Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee:.

In verse 14 we see a further defining of the land the Lord was promising to Abram and his seed. This part of the Abrahamic Covenant is also called the Palestinian Covenant.

Genesis 13:15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.

Genesis 13:16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.

Genesis 13:17 Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee.

Genesis 13:18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.

In the following verses we will discover the method used to ratify a covenant or contract between two parties. This consisted of a blood covenant instituted by the shedding of the blood of animals and dividing the carcasses into two parts. At this point both parties of the covenant would pass through the divided carcasses, ensuring their commitment to fulfill the covenant.

As we read the following passage in Genesis Chapter 15 we will see that Abram did not walk through the divided carcasses because God put him to sleep. This shows us that Abram had no part in keeping the covenant valid and ultimately fulfilling it.

The Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary states “The contracting parties in the “covenant” (not here the law in general, but their covenant made before God in His house to emancipate their slaves, Jeremiah_34:8-9) passed through the parts of the animal cut in two, implying that they prayed so to be cut in sunder (Matthew_24:51; Greek, “cut in two”) if they should break the covenant (Genesis_15:10, Genesis_15:17).”

God promised Abram He would give him the land. In Genesis 15:8 we see Abram ask God how he could be sure of this promise made to him by God. Abram is asking for an oath, or some kind of sign that God will fulfill His promises. The Lord in His graciousness reassures Abram in a way Abram will understand.

At this time in the ancient Near East covenants were made sure by both parties passing between the pieces of animals which had they had cut apart. If either party failed to keep their part of the covenant, they were to experience the same fate as the animals they passed through when the covenant was entered into.

The fulfillment of the covenant with Abram depended fully on God. That is why it is called an unconditional covenant. By this is meant the covenant did not depend on Abram or his descendants for its fulfillment. This covenant will be fulfilled by our sovereign God in God�s time and in God’s way. Scripture tells us that God is not man that he should lie! Man will not and can not fulfill any of God’s covenants!

Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.

Genesis 15:2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?

Genesis 15:3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir.

Genesis 15:4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.

Genesis 15:5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

Genesis 15:6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

Genesis 15:7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.

Genesis 15:8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?

Genesis 15:9 And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

Genesis 15:10 And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

Genesis 15:11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

Genesis 15:12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Genesis 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Genesis 15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.

Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Genesis 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

Genesis 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

Genesis 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

Here we have the reassurance from God to Abram that the promised seed will come from him. We also have the unconditional promise of a land called the Palestinian Covenant. These promises will once again be fulfilled by God and God alone.

Before we go one to Chapter 17 where the rite of circumcision is given we need to look at what happened in Chapter 16.

Genesis 16:1 Now Sarai Abram’s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

Genesis 16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.

Genesis 16:3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.

Genesis 16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.

Abram and Sarai got ahead of God and tried to fulfill God’s promise of the heir. We will see in the next chapter that Ishmael is not the promised seed. Notice that God once again reaffirms His covenant with Abram even in the light of disobedience.

In looking at Genesis Chapter 17 we see a token or sign given to Abram and Sarai to remind them of God’s covenant with them and their descendents. One point to remember, God counted Abram’s belief as righteousness before the token of circumcision was given.

Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.

Genesis 17:2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.

Genesis 17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

Genesis 17:4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.

Genesis 17:5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.

Genesis 17:6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

Genesis 17:8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

Genesis 17:9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

Genesis 17:10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

Genesis 17:11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

Genesis 17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

Genesis 17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

Genesis 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

God considered the covenant broken if a man who was in unbelief would not perform the rite of circumcision. That man was cutoff from his people. What we seem to have here is the identification of the covenant people, God’s people, the future nation of Israel. This act of circumcision was done in faith as an act of the heart believing God for His promises.

The token tells me that when Abram stepped forth and performed the rite of circumcision Abram was in effect saying ‘God I believe everything you say. I believe that you will fulfill this covenant You made with me. I believe You and I want to obey. I accept this token or sign as a proof of our belief in You.’

Genesis 17:15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.

Genesis 17:16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.

Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

Genesis 17:18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

Genesis 17:19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

Genesis 17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year. Genesis 17:22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham. Genesis 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

Genesis 17:24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

Genesis 17:27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.

Abraham in faith and obedience performs the rite of circumcision and enters into the blessings of the covenant.

There is another word used in these passages in Genesis that is very important. That word is everlasting. When we check this Hebrew word in the Strong�s Exhaustive Concordance we find the following definition.

H5769

olam olam o-lawm’, o-lawm’

From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always: – always (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703.

We find this Hebrew word used when related to the covenants made with Abram, King David, and the nation Israel.

Genesis chapter 22 is a wonderful foreshadowing of the sacrifice God the Father made in offering Jesus Christ, God the Son, as a substitute and atonement for our sins! We must take off our shoes for we stand on Holy ground. Why would Abraham willingly offer up his son Isaac, the promised seed from God? We can better understand this by reading the New Testament book of Hebrews and let God through His Scripture tell us why.

Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,

Hebrews 11:18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called:

Hebrews 11:19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.

Dr. Barnes stated that the conception and birth of Isaac was a supernatural act from God. Remember Sarah was past child bearing age. Abraham knew this and was convinced that God would raise Isaac from the dead as another supernatural act. As we read the following verses let us understand that Abraham’s experience with God Almighty has generated a deep and abiding faith!

Genesis 22:1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am.

Genesis 22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Genesis 22:3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.

Genesis 22:4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.

Genesis 22:5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.

Genesis 22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.

Genesis 22:7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?

Genesis 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

Genesis 22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.

Genesis 22:10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.

Genesis 22:11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.

Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

Genesis 22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.

Genesis 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.

Genesis 22:15 And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time,

Genesis 22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;

Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.

Genesis 22:19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.

In looking at Genesis 22:1-19, I had to ask myself, how do I know the seed mentioned in Genesis 22:18 is singular and refers to our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Thank God, through the Holy Spirit, Scripture itself gives us the answer. Scripture interprets Scripture, the only sure way to know your understanding is correct!

In the New Testament we find the verification that the seed mentioned in Genesis 22:18 is singular. Isn’t God great!

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

Galatians 3:18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

The promises made to Abraham in the Abrahamic Covenant were not disannulled when the law was given to Moses at Mount Sinai. Scripture tells us that the promises in this unconditional Covenant are sure and will be fulfilled by God. The nation Israel, like Abraham, Issac and Jacob, were at times disobedient, but God is faithful to His promises and Israel will be a nation forever and will someday possess the land God has promised them.

After the period of Abraham, Issac and Jacob we find in the Old Testament books of Exodus and Leviticus the reassurance by God to give Israel the land promised in the Abrahamic Covenant.

Exodus 6:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.

Exodus 6:2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD:

Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.

Exodus 6:4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

Exodus 6:5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.

Exodus 6:6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:

Exodus 6:7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

Exodus 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD.

Leviticus 26:42 Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.

Before we continue with the unconditional covenants we need to review the word everlasting again. There are other words used in Scripture which are the same original Hebrew word. We can find the Hebrew word translated in Scripture as the following words, forever, perpetual, ancient, eternal, never, evermore, without end.

The various translated words are found in many instances in the Old Testament. In fact this particular Hebrew word is found approximately 438 times, and many of these times they relate directly to God’s covenant relationship to His peculiar treasure, Israel!

Below you will again find the definition of the Hebrew word taken from the Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance. Following the definition are just a few instances of the various translated words used in Scripture.

H5769

olam olam o-lawm’, o-lawm’

From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always: – always (-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-]) ever (-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+ without end). Compare H5331, H5703.

H5703

ad ad

From H5710; properly a (peremptory) terminus, that is, (by implication) duration, in the sense of perpetuity (substantially as a noun, either with or without a preposition): – eternity, ever (-lasting, -more), old, perpetually, + world without end.

Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Genesis 9:12 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

Deuteronomy 33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,

Judges 2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.

2Samuel 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

Isaiah 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.

Isaiah 60:15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

Joel 2:26 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.

Joel 2:27 And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.